Infertility is a diagnosis given to couples who have tried unsuccessfully to conceive for a year. About 15% of all couples experience infertility, and male infertility accounts for 30% of these instances.
Varicocele, an expansion of the scrotum’s veins containing the testicles, is the most prevalent cause of male infertility. A low sperm count and poor sperm quality are both symptoms of varicoceles, which are prevalent causes of male infertility.
Additional reasons include:
- Reproductive system blockage
- Remaining Testicles
- Improperly moving or irregularly shaped sperm
- Issues with Hormones
- Some diseases and disorders, such as cancer,
- Disease or sickness that is transferred sexually (STD)
- Male sexual dysfunction, or impotence.
The root of male infertility isn’t always easy to pin down. In some instances, it may be the consequence of genetics, lifestyle, or environmental factors. However, a doctor can assist you in identifying it. The doctor will do a physical examination and go through your health records. A semen analysis may ascertain the quantity and quality of sperm. Your doctor may also order a test to measure your hormone levels.
Although there is no foolproof method of preventing male infertility, there are several things you may do to improve your chances. Among them are:
- Do not use Tobacco or Marijuana
- Avoid stressful situations
- Do not use a hot tub often, or wear very tight undergarments.
Over 50% of cases of male infertility are successfully treated. The treatment options available are dependent on the underlying problem. Hormone replacement therapy and erectile dysfunction medications are available to help. The surgical removal of a varicocele is one example of a physical defect that may be remedied through surgery. It may also fix broken parts or unblock passages. Minimal surgery is often an outpatient operation.
9 interesting stats about male infertility
- Tobacco use has been associated with diminished sperm quality and slower motility. The sperm count and quality might both suffer from heavy marijuana usage over an extended period of time.
- The healthy generation of sperm, essential for a healthy pregnancy, might be hindered by alcohol use.
- Male infertility may occur in males who are either overweight or underweight. Hormonal imbalances may occur with excessive weight, while low sperm counts and motility can occur in men who are too thin.
- If you exercise too much, your testosterone levels will drop, which may have a knock-on effect on your sperm count. As you may have suspected, steroids can induce testicular atrophy, leading to infertility.
- Low vitamin C and zinc levels have been linked to sperm clumping; thus, maintaining healthy levels is important. Vitamin E helps neutralize the free-radical damage caused by an overabundance of oxygen, which can negatively impact sperm quality.
- Men who deal with pesticides, insecticides, lead, radiation, or heavy metals, as well as landscapers, contractors, and manufacturers, are at a higher risk of infertility.
- There is a biological clock ticking in men, just as in women. Men have a greater risk of infertility beyond age 40 due to declining sperm quantity and quality, mirroring women’s experience. Individuals whose partners can conceive have a greater chance of experiencing a miscarriage.
- Having a kid might be less of a hassle if you wear boxers. Boxer-wearers had 25% greater sperm concentration and 17% higher sperm count than those wearing tight underwear, according to research done by Harvard University in 2018. About half of the 656 male partners of couples seeking fertility counselling said they wore boxers regularly.
- Male infertility may manifest as an impaired sense of smell. One in every 30,000 males is born with Kallmann Syndrome, a genetic disorder that may result in a severely impaired or completely absent sense of smell. Males with this disorder do not produce enough hormones for sexual maturation, which causes puberty to be delayed or completely missing. If Kallmann syndrome is not treated, it might lead to infertility.
- The body generally uses antibodies as a defence mechanism, and they are produced in response to various noxious stimuli, including illness, injury, and surgical procedures. But in certain unusual cases, antibodies may impede conception by hindering sperm’s normal movement and activity.
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